What is Dyslexia?

 

  • The word 'dyslexia' comes from the Greek and means 'difficulty with words'.

 

  • It is a lifelong, usually genetic, inherited condition and affects around 10% of the population.

 

  • Dyslexia occurs in people of all races, backgrounds and abilities, and varies from person to person: no two people will have the same set of strengths and weaknesses.

 

  • Dyslexia occurs independently of intelligence.

 

  • Dyslexia is really about information processing: dyslexic people may have difficulty processing and remembering information they see and hear. This can affect learning and the acquisition of literacy skills.

  • These difficulties with reading and spelling will persist despite appropriate learning opportunities.

  • Dyslexia may co-exist with other specific learning difficulties such as dyspraxia and ADHD [for which a medical diagnosis is required].

 

  • It is best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category, with no clear cut-off.

                                                                                                                                                                   British Dyslexia Association

What are the indicators?